Heart disease: prevention, diagnosis, and treatment

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Grandmother: Dr. Abdul Hafeez Yahya Khoja

Saudi Arabia is witnessing major changes in lifestyle, including changes in aspects of physical activity and eating habits that have, of course, had a noticeable negative impact on the health of society. Therefore, changing the stereotypical practices in health care institutions will be capable of bringing about a qualitative change in health services and improving the health of many people. However, despite efforts to raise awareness of heart disease, prevention remains a very important factor for heart patients.
Prevention and diagnosis
Dr. Abdul Halim Serafi, consultant cardiologist and electrocardiologist associate professor at Umm Al-Qura University in Makkah Al-Mukarramah , spoke to “Your Health”, explaining that heart disease is one of the top 10 causes of death and disability worldwide. Despite the remarkable decrease in the number of deaths due to cardiovascular disease during the past decades, the number of people with risk factors for these diseases has increased steadily.
And Dr. A cashier on the need to make more efforts to develop prevention, diagnosis and treatment mechanisms. This can be summarized as follows:
> The importance of spreading awareness about health-related issues, with the aim of making health care available to all. In Saudi Arabia, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease is higher for younger people, especially women. Large-scale heart disease prevention campaigns must be undertaken, along with research studies. Moreover, organizations and associations can adopt public health initiatives and may play an important role in reducing the incidence of the traditional – modifiable – risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. The varying rates of reduction in the prevalence of risk factors may significantly reduce health spending, and as a result, well-regulated preventive methods are developed and introduced.
Reducing deaths. The World Health Organization report showed that up to 50 percent of individuals who die from cardiovascular disease in some Gulf countries are under the age of 60, as a result of various risk factors such as smoking, unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity.
> Assess the risk of injury. Adults aged 40 to 75 – who are being evaluated for cardiovascular disease prevention – must undergo a 10-year CVD risk assessment and have a discussion between physicians and patients before starting drug therapy, such as antihypertensive therapy, therapy. Cholesterol-lowering, or acetylsalicylic acid.
Primary prevention. Cholesterol-lowering therapy is the first line of primary prevention of heart disease in patients with high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (more than 190 mg-dL) who have been shown to be at adequate risk after a risk discussion between physician and patient.
Low-dose acetylsalicylic acid may also be considered as a primary prevention method for heart disease among selected adults between the ages of 40 and 70 years after the risk is discussed between physician and patient. Due to its blood thinning property, acetylsalicylic acid is a preventative measure that helps reduce the risk of serious cases of cardiovascular disease such as heart attacks or strokes. It can also be used as a secondary prevention in individuals who have previously had a heart attack or stroke to prevent it from happening again. (A handbook of the American Heart Association)
Physical activity
> Aerobic exercise. Studies have indicated that moderate exercise for more than 150 minutes per week can help reduce the risk of coronary heart disease by up to 30 percent, while other factors such as quitting smoking and eating a balanced and healthy diet contribute to avoiding injury according to Heart Federation. Global.
> A healthy lifestyle. Prevention remains one of the main factors that help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and it is important for individuals to understand the repercussions of lifestyle that lead to reducing the risk of heart disease. Adopting a healthy lifestyle is one of the basic preventive steps that individuals can take to reduce the risk of diseases. Heart, which includes regular exercise and physical activities, stopping smoking or tobacco use, and achieving a balance between healthy nutrition and diet, according to the Saudi Ministry of Health reports.
Finally, we stress the need for governments to invest in national programs aimed at preventing and controlling cardiovascular diseases and all other non-communicable diseases. The Saudi Vision 2030 includes developing a more advanced health care system with the aim of better utilizing the capacities of hospitals and health care centers in improving the quality of preventive and curative health care services.

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